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新型汽车曲轴锻压工艺的优化

2019-09-02

快三彩票XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDUANYAGONGYIDEYOUHUA

    YANJIULESHIDUANWENDU、ZHONGDUANWENDUHEDUANYABIANXINGLIANG 3 GEGONGYICANSHUDUI 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOXINGNENGHEREPILAOXINGNENGDEYINGXIANG。 JIEGUOBIAOMING:SUISHIDUANWENDUCONG 1050 ℃ZENGJIAZHI 1150 ℃HUOZHONGDUANWENDUCONG 750 ℃ZENGJIAZHI 950 ℃HUODUANYABIANXINGLIANGCONG6%ZENGJIAZHI 12%,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEWANQUPILAOXINGNENGHEREPILAOXINGNENGJUNXIANTIGAOHOUXIAJIANG ,ZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUXIANZENGDAHOUJIANXIAO ,REPILAOSHIYANHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNXIANJIANXIAOHOUZENGDA。 SHIDUANWENDU、ZHONGDUANWENDUHEDUANYABIANXINGLIANGFENBIEYOUXUANWEI1100 ℃、850 ℃、10%。

GUANJIANCI:DUANYAGONGYI; QICHEQUZHOU; 38Mn VAl Mg GANG; REPILAOXINGNENG; WANQUPILAOXINGNENG

曲轴加工

     曲轴作为重要的汽车零件, 吸引了众多科研工作者和工程技术人员的研究兴趣。 在汽车曲轴的材料选择、热处理工艺和表面强化,数控机械加工焊接件加工方面,人们进行了较多的研究,也取得了较多的成果。 但是,关于汽车曲轴锻压工艺的研究还较少。 

     DUANYAGONGYIDUIQICHEQUZHOUDEZONGHEXINGNENGYOUZHONGYAOYINGXIANG。 SUIZHEQICHEQUZHOUXINGNENGYAOQIUDETIGAO,XIANYOUDE 40Cr、38Mn V DENGCAILIAOWANGWANGNANYIMANZUSHICHANGDEXUQIU。 WEICI,BENWENDUI 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUJINXINGBUTONGGONGYIDEDUANYASHIYAN, BINGJINXINGWANQUPILAOSHIYANHEREPILAOSHIYAN。 

    TONGGUOWANQUPILAOXINGNENGHEREPILAOXINGNENGCESHIYUFENXI,DUIXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEDUANYAGONGYIJINXINGLEYOUHUA。

  1 、试验材料及方法

    SHIYANCAILIAOWEI 38Mn VAl Mg GANG, QIHUAXUECHENGFENRUBIAO1 SUOSHI。 XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEDUANYAGONGYIRUBIAO 2 SUOSHI。 DUANYABIANXINGLIANGDEJISUANGONGSHIWEI:DUANYABIANXINGLIANG=(DUANZAOQIANQUZHOUMAOPI 1/2 ZHANGDUCHUDEHENGJIEMIANJI÷DUANZAOHOUQUZHOUDUANYAJIAN 1/2ZHANGDUCHUDEHENGJIEMIANJI)×100%。 XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWEINISANGFD6T GAIJINHOUDEQUZHOU , ZHUZHOUJING 71 mm, LIANGANJING 60mm,ZHONGXINJUWEI 58 mm。 

快三彩票  BIAO 1 38Mn VAl Mg GANGDEHUAXUECHENGFEN(ZHILIANGFENSHU,%)

  

  BIAO 2XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEDUANYAGONGYI 

  

    PILAOSHIYANGQUZIZHUZHOUJING、LIANGANHEQUBINGBEI。DUIBUTONGDUANYAGONGYIDEXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANG,CAIYONGLA-YAJIAZAIDUICHENGXUNHUANPILAO, ZAI XIEZHENSHIQU ZHOUPILAOSHIYAN JISHANG , CANZHAO QC/T637-2000《QICHEFADONGJIQUZHOUWANQUPILAOSHIYANFANGFA 》JINXINGWANQUPILAOXINGNENGCESHI。 SHIYANXUNHUANWEI 1×107CI,CAIYONGSHENGJIANGFACESHI,GENJUGONGSHI(1)DECHUSHIYANGDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDU,YONGYIBIAOZHENGSHIYANGDEWANQUPILAOXINGNENG。 CANZHAO GB/T15824-2008JINXINGSHIYANGREPILAOXINGNENGCESHI, ZAI 500~25℃LENGREXUNHUAN1000 CIHOUYONG PG18 XINGJINXIANGXIANWEIJINGGUANCHAREPILAOLIEWENXINGMAO,BINGYIJU GB/T15824-2008 JINXINGLIEWENPINGJI,YONGYIBIAOZHENGSHIYANGDEREPILAOXINGNENG。 

     YONGSHENGJIANGFACEQUGUAIDEPILAOJIXIANM-1,ZUIHOUQUEDINGQUZHOUDE M-1。     

  

    2 、SHIYANJIEGUOJITAOLUN

快三彩票    2.1 SHIDUANWENDUDEYINGXIANG

    CAIYONGBUTONGDESHIDUANWENDU、XIANGTONGDEZHONGDUANWENDU(850℃)HEDUANYABIANXINGLIANG(10%)DUI 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGJINXINGDUANYASHIYAN。 SHIDUANWENDUDUIXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGDEWANQUPILAOXINGNENGYINGXIANGRUTU 1 SUOSHI。

    

快三彩票TU 1 SHIDUANWENDUDUISHIYANGWANQUPILAOXINGNENGDEYINGXIANG

    CONGTU 1 KEKANCHU,SUISHIDUANWENDUCONG 1050℃ZENGJIAZHI 1150℃, XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUXIANTIGAOHOUXIAJIANG。 DANGSHIDUANWENDUWEI 1100℃SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUZUIGAO(614 MPa)。

   

TU 2 BUTONGSHIDUANWENDUSHIYANGWANQUPILAODUANKOU SEM ZHAOPIAN

    TU 2 SHIBUTONGSHIDUANWENDUDUANYADE 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGWANQUPILAODUANKOU SEM ZHAOPIAN。 CONGTU 2 KEKANCHU,CAIYONGJIAODIDESHIDUANWENDU(1050℃)SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOSHIYANHOUDUANKOUCHUXIANJIAODUOCUDADELIEWEN, SHIYANGDEWANQUPILAOXINGNENGJIAOCHA; DANGSHIDUANWENDUSHENGGAODAO 1100℃SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOSHIYANHOUDUANKOUZHONGMEIYOUCHUXIANMINGXIANDECUDALIEWEN, JINYOUJIXIAODELIEWEN, SHIYANGDEWANQUPILAOXINGNENGJIAO 1050℃SHIDUANWENDUSHIYANGDEDAOMINGXIANGAISHAN。 

    DANGSHIDUANWENDUJINYIBUTIGAODAO 1150℃SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOSHIYANHOUDUANKOUZHONGDELIEWENMINGXIANZENGDA, SHIYANGDEWANQUPILAOXINGNENGJIAO 1100℃SHIDUANWENDUSHIYANGYOUSUOJIANGDI。 ZHEIYUSHIYANGDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUCESHIJIEGUOYIZHI。YOUCIKEYIKANCHU,SHIDUANWENDUSHIYINGXIANGDUANYATAI 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGWANQUPILAOXINGNENGDEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGYINSU。 

快三彩票    CONGGAISHAN 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOXINGNENGCHUFA, SHIDUANWENDUBUYIGUOGAOYEBUYIGUODI,YOUXUANWEI 1100℃。

快三彩票    SHIDUANWENDUDUIXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGDEREPILAOXINGNENGYINGXIANGRUTU 3 SUOSHI。 GENJUGUOBIAO GB/T15824-2008,CAILIAODEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEDENGYUZHULIEWENJIBIEYUWANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEZHIHE。REPILAOLIEWENJIBIESHUZHIYUEXIAO,CAILIAODEREPILAOXINGNENGYUEHAO;FANZHI,REPILAOLIEWENJIBIESHUZHIYUEDA,CAILIAODEREPILAOXINGNENGYUECHA。 

  

 

    CONGTU 3 KEKANCHU,SUISHIDUANWENDUCONG 1050℃ZENGJIAZHI 1150 ℃,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNBIAOXIANCHUXIANJIANXIAOHOUZENGDADEBIANHUAQUSHI。 DANGSHIDUANWENDUWEI 1100℃SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、 WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNZUIXIAO,FENBIEWEI 1、2、3 JI。

快三彩票    TU 4 SHIBUTONGSHIDUANWENDUDUANYADE38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGREPILAOSHIYANHOUZHULIEWENXINGMAO。 

  

快三彩票    CONGTU 4 KEKANCHU,CAIYONGJIAODIDESHIDUANWENDU(1050℃)SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUREPILAOSHIYANHOUZHULIEWENJIAOCU,YUGUOBIAO GB/T 15824-2008 GUIDINGDE 3 JIZHULIEWENXIANGYIZHI;DANGSHIDUANWENDUSHENGGAODAO 1100℃SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUREPILAOSHIYANHOUZHULIEWENXIXIAO, YU GB/T 15824-2008 GUIDINGDE 1JIZHULIEWENXIANGYIZHI。 

   DANGSHIDUANWENDUJINYIBUTIGAODAO 1150℃SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUREPILAOSHIYANHOUZHULIEWENJIAOCU,YUGUOBIAOGB/T 15824-2008 GUIDINGDE 2 JIZHULIEWENXIANGYIZHI。 ZHEIYUSHIYANGDEREPILAOSHIYANDELIEWENJIBIECESHIJIEGUOYIZHI。 YOUCIKEYIKANCHU, SHIDUANWENDUSHIYINGXIANGDUANYATAI 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGREPILAOXINGNENGDEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGYINSU。 

    CONGGAISHAN38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUREPILAOXINGNENGCHUFA , SHIDUANWENDUBUYIGUOGAOYEBUYIGUODI,YOUXUANWEI 1100℃。


    2.2 ZHONGDUANWENDUDEYINGXIANG

快三彩票    CAIYONGBUTONGDEZHONGDUANWENDU、XIANGTONGDESHIDUANWENDU(1100℃)HEDUANYABIANXINGLIANG(10%)DUI 38VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGJINXINGDUANYASHIYAN。ZHONGDUANWENDUDUIXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGDEWANQUPILAOXINGNENGYINGXIANGRUTU 5 SUOSHI。 

快三彩票  

 

快三彩票    CONGTUKEKANCHU,SUIZHONGDUANWENDUCONG 750℃ZENGJIAZHI 950℃, XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUYEBIAOXIANCHUXIANTIGAOHOUXIAJIANG。 DANGZHONGDUANWENDUWEI 850℃SHI, XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUZUIDA(614 MPa)。 CAIYONGBUTONGDEZHONGDUANWENDU、XIANGTONGDESHIDUANWENDU(1100 ℃)HEDUANYABIANXINGLIANG(10%)DUI 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGJINXINGDUANYASHIYAN, ZHONGDUANWENDUDUIXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGDEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEYINGXIANGRUTU 6 SUOSHI。

    GENJUGB/T 15824-2008,CAILIAODEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEDENGYUZHULIEWENJIBIEYUWANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEZHIHE。 REPILAOLIEWENJIBIESHUZHIYUEXIAO,CAILIAODEREPILAOXINGNENGYUEHAO;FANZHI,REPILAOLIEWENJIBIESHUZHIYUEDA

快三彩票,CAILIAODEREPILAOXINGNENGYUECHA。

  

    CONGTU 6 KEYIKANCHU,SUIZHONGDUANWENDUCONG 750℃ZENGJIAZHI 950℃,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、 WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNBIAOXIANCHUXIANJIANXIAOHOUZENGDADEBIANHUAQUSHI。 DANGZHONGDUANWENDUWEI 850℃SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNZUIXIAO,FENBIEWEI 1、2、3 JI。

快三彩票    YOUCIKEYIKANCHU, ZHONGDUANWENDUSHIYINGXIANGDUANYATAI 38Mn VAl MgXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGPILAOXINGNENGDEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGYINSU。 CONGGAISHAN 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOXINGNENGHEREPILAOXINGNENGCHUFA,ZHONGDUANWENDUBUYIGUOGAOYEBUYIGUODI,YOUXUANWEI850 ℃。


    2.3 DUANYABIANXINGLIANGDEYINGXIANG

    CAIYONGBUTONGDEDUANYABIANXINGLIANG、XIANGTONGDESHIDUANWENDU(1100℃)HEZHONGDUANWENDU(850 ℃)DUI 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGJINXINGDUANYASHIYAN。 DUANYABIANXINGLIANGDUIXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGDEWANQUPILAOXINGNENGYINGXIANGRUTU 7 SUOSHI。 

 

    CONGTUKEKANCHU,SUIDUANYABIANXINGLIANGCONG 6%ZENGJIAZHI 12%,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUXIANTIGAOHOUXIAJIANG。 DANGDUANYABIANXINGLIANGWEI 10%SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUZUIDA(614MPa)。CAIYONGBUTONGDEDUANYABIANXINGLIANG、 XIANGTONGDESHIDUANWENDUHEZHONGDUANWENDU, DUI 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGJINXINGDUANYASHIYAN。 

    DUANYABIANXINGLIANGDUIXINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGDEREPILAOXINGNENGYINGXIANGRUTU 8 SUOSHI。 

    

    CONGTU 8 KEKANCHU, SUIDUANYABIANXINGLIANGCONG6%ZENGJIAZHI 12%,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE 、WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNBIAOXIANCHUXIANJIANXIAOHOUZENGDADEBIANHUAQUSHI。

    DANGDUANYABIANXINGLIANGWEI 10%SHI,XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、 WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNZUIXIAO,FENBIEWEI 1、2、3 JI。 YOUCIKEKANCHU,DUANYABIANXINGLIANGSHIYINGXIANGDUANTAI 38Mn VAl Mg 

XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUSHIYANGWANQUPILAOXINGNENGHEREPILAOXINGNENGDEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGYINSU 。

    CONGGAISHAN38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOXINGNENGHEREPILAOXINGNENGCHUFA, DUANYABIANXINGLIANGBUYIGUODAYEBUYIGUOXIAO, YOUXUANWEI 10%。


  

    3 、JIELUN

    (1) SUISHIDUANWENDUCONG 1050 ℃ ZENGJIAZHI 1150 ℃ , XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOSHIYANDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUXIANTIGAOHOUXIAJIANG,REPILAOSHIYANHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNXIANJIANXIAOHOUZENGDA。

    (2) SUIZHONGDUANWENDUCONG 750 ℃ZENGJIAZHI 950 ℃, XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOSHIYANDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUXIANTIGAOHOUXIAJIANG,REPILAOSHIYANHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNXIANJIANXIAOHOUZENGDA。

    (3) SUIDUANYABIANXINGLIANGCONG 6%ZENGJIAZHI 12%, XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUWANQUPILAOSHIYANDEZHONGZHIPILAOQIANGDUXIANTIGAOHOUXIAJIANG,REPILAOSHIYANSHOUDEZHULIEWENJIBIE、WANGZHUANGLIEWENJIBIEHEREPILAOLIEWENJIBIEJUNXIANJIANXIAOHOUZENGDA。   

快三彩票   (4) 38Mn VAl Mg XINXINGQICHEQUZHOUZAIDUANYAGUOCHENGZHONG,SHIDUANWENDU、ZHONGDUANWENDUHEDUANYABIANXINGLIANGJUNBUYIGUOGAOYEBUYIGUODI,FENBIEYOUXUANWEI 1100℃、850℃、10%。


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